Thursday, July 9, 2015

Mad HC: Pay Rs.10 lacs to families who lost persons in sewerage work

BEFORE THE MADURAI BENCH OF MADRAS HIGH COURT

DATED: 19.06.2015

CORAM: THE HONOURABLE MR.JUSTICE.R.MAHADEVAN

W.P.(MD). No. 9989 of 2015

Valaiyakka ...Petitioner

Vs.

1.The Secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Social Justice, Room No.740, A-Wing, Dr.Rajendra Prasad Road, New Delhi - 110 001, 2. The Secretary to the Government of Tamil Nadu, Municipal Administration 6 Water Supply Department, Secretariat, Chennai - 600 009, 3. The Chairman a Managing Director, Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, 31, Kamaraj Salai, Chepauk, Chennai-600 005, 4. The Secretary to the Government , Adi Dravidar & Tribal Welfare Department, Secretariat, Chennai-600 009, 5.The District Collector District Collector Office Ramanathapuram-623 503.... Respondents

PRAYER: This Writ petition has been tiled under Article 226 of the Constitution of India praying for a Writ of Mandamus directing the respondents to pay a sum of Rs.10,00,000/- to the petitioner by way of compensation in the light of the direction issued by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Safai Karamahari Andolen 4 Others Vs. Union of India 4 Others, reported in 2014 (3) CTC 177 within the time stipulated by this Court.

For petitioner: Mr. R.Karunanidhi

For R.1 : Mr. K.R.Laxman

For R.2 to 5 Mr. A.Muthukaruppan, Govt. Advocate 

ORDER

The petitioner has come forward with this Writ Petition praying for a Writ of Mandamus directing the respondents to pay a sum of Rs.10,00,000/- (Rupees ten lakhs only) to the petitioner by way of compensation in the light of the direction by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India in Safai Karamchari Andolan & Others Vs. Union of India & Others, reported in 2014 (3) CTC 177 within the tine stipulated by this Court. 

2. Mr. K.R.Laxman, Learned Standing Counsel accepts notice for the first respondent and Mr. A.Muthukaruppan, learned Govt. Advocate, takes notice for the respondents 2 to 4. 

3. By consent, this Writ Petition itself is taken up for final disposal. 

4. The learned counsel appearing for the petitioner would submit that the petitioner has lost the bread winner of the family, namely, her son, while cleaning the septic tank, and she has been eking out her livelihood along with her grand-daughter, after the demise of her son. The petitioner finds it very difficult to make both ends meet. Therefore, she prays this Court to sympathetically consider the representations of the petitioner for awarding compensation due to the death of the petitioner's son, in view of the judgment of the Hon'ble Supreme Court in Safai Karamchari Andolan & Others Vs. Union of India & others, reported in 2014 (3) CTC 177

5. The learned counsel appearing for the respondents would submit that the representation of the petitioner will be considered in accordance with law along with the judgment cited supra

6. A perusal of the affidavit would reveal the fact the petitioner's son was a Scavenger, who died due to asphyxia, while cleaning the septic tank leaving behind a minor child. After demise of the petitioner's son, the daughter-in-law left the matrimonial home and entered into another wedlock. Now, the grand-daughter is being brought up by the petitioner. Stating all these pathetic conditions, the petitioner claims compensation on the basis of judgment of the Hon'ble Supreme Court in Safai Karamchari Andolan & others Vs. Union of India & Others, reported in 2014 (3) CTC 177. In the said judgment, the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India, in paragraph No.14 (iii) held as follows:- "(iii) Identify the families of all persons, who have died in sewerage work (manholes, septic tanks) since 1993 and award compensation of Rs.10,00,000/- (Rupees Ten Laths Only) for each such death to the family members depending on them".  

7. None can deny the fact that: due to the poverty conditions prevailing in their family, risking their lives, many persons are forced to do scavenging Work for menial income. In view of the risk involved in this work, many countries annihilated the manual cleaning itself. Unfortunately, in. some parts of our Country, still the practise of manual cleaning has been prevailing. The Manual Scavengers, like the deceased, is the last grade servant. Eut, without their aid, the whole world become uncleaned, which is why, our forefathers said 'Cleanliness is next to god'. Therefore, at the time of distress, like the case on hand, the Government has to immediately extend its help to the bereaved family to the maximum extent possible. As one step ahead, the Supreme Court went to the extent: of stating that the Government itself has to initiate steps to identify those persons who lost their precious lives in this profession and award compensation to the deceased family forthwith. Their role to the Society cannot be measured at all. Let us keep in mind that realising the importance about cleanliness, the German Play Wright Johann Wolfgang Van Goethes in his famous quote said:

"Let everyone sweep in front of his own door and the whole world will be clean".

8. In the light of the factual matrix and in view of the pathetic conditions of the petitioner's family, the first and the second respondents are directed to pass appropriate orders in tune with the judgment of the Hon'ble Supreme Court in Safai Karamchari Andolan & Others Vs. Union of India & Others, reported. in 2014 (3) CTC 177, granting relief, on the basis of the representations of the petitioner, dated 19.09.2014 and 01.04.2015, within a period of six weeks from the date of receipt of a copy of this order. 

With the above direction, this Writ Petition stands disposed of. No costs.

Judgment Sources: Mr. R. KARUNANIDHI, Madras High Court Advocate, Lawyers Chamber No. 99, Madurai Bench of Madras High Court, Madurai – 625 023, Tamil Nadu, INDIA. Mobile: 99945 13250. E-mail: karunalegist@gmail.com

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