Thursday, February 27, 2014

Mad HC: Right to sleep a fundamental right

Right to sleep a fundamental right, says Supreme Court in Re-Ramlila Maidan Incident case dated 23-02-2012 is available at the following links

In PDF Format: http://judis.nic.in

In Text Format: http://judis.nic.in

Indian Kanoon Link: http://www.indiankanoon.org

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'Aadal Paadal' would infringe on citizens' right to sleep: HC

MADURAI, February 27, 2014

SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT

Late night performance also raises suspicion of it being obscene, say judges

The Madras High Court Bench here on Wednesday refused to permit 'Aadal Paadal,' a late night cultural programme conducted in villages as part of temple festivals, on the ground that it would infringe on the right of other citizens to sleep peacefully.

Dismissing a public interest litigation petition seeking permission for the programme in Aayinkudi village in Aranthangi Taluk of Pudukottai district, a Division Bench of Justices R. Sudhakar and V.M. Velumani said that the entertainment of one section of people could not turn out to be a nightmare for others.

The judges also said that the very fact of the petitioner seeking permission to conduct the programme between 10 p.m. and 2 a.m. on Friday raised a reasonable suspicion in the mind of the court that it might be a show of obscenity as contended by Special Government Pleader B. Pugalendhi.

They pointed out that while dealing with a case related to the removal of Baba Ramdev from Ramlila Maidan by the Delhi police in a midnight operation in 2012, the Supreme Court had held that the right to sleep was an inherent part of the fundamental right to life guaranteed under the Constitution.

"Sleep is essential for a human being to maintain the delicate balance of health necessary for his very existence and survival. Sleep is, therefore, a fundamental and basic requirement without which the existence of life itself would be in peril," the apex court had said.

In the present case, P. Kulaindaivel (34), president of Angalaparameswari Temple festival committee in Aayinkudi, claimed that the temple was more than 50 years old and 'Aadal Paadal' programme was conducted every year during the annual temple festival.

It has been the practice of residents of nearby villages, including Ettiyathali, Maangudi, Manjakarai, Rathinakottai, Arasarkulam and Subramaniapuram, to visit Aayinkudi and stay overnight to watch the cultural programme which starts with bursting of crackers at 9 p.m.

This year, the temple festival committee had booked Salem Cine Abinaya dance troupe for the performance. But the police did not accord permission and hence the PIL petition.

Though the Division Bench dismissed the case, it gave liberty to the petitioner to approach the police authorities once again if the organisers were willing to change the timing of the programme and also assure that obscene dances would not be held during the celebrations.

Courtesy_

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தூங்குவதும் அடிப்படை உரிமையே : ஐகோர்ட் அதிரடி

பதிவு செய்த நாள்: 27. பிப். 2014 00:30

மதுரை: மனிதன், இரவில் தூங்குவது என்பது, அடிப்படை உரிமை. ஆடல், பாடல் என்ற பெயரில், இரவில் தூங்கும் மக்களுக்கு இடையூறு ஏற்படுத்துவதற்கு, அனுமதிக்க முடியாது' என, மதுரை ஐகோர்ட் கிளை உத்தரவிட்டது. 

அறந்தாங்கி அருகே, அய்யன்குடி குழந்தைவேல் தாக்கல் செய்த மனுவில், "அய்யன்குடி, அங்காள பரமேஸ்வரி கோவில், மாசித் திருவிழாவை ஒட்டி, பிப்., 28ம் தேதி, இரவு 10:00 மணி முதல், காலை 2:00 மணி வரை, ஆடல், பாடல் நடத்த, போலீசில் அனுமதி கோரினோம். மனுவை பரிசீலிக்க, உத்தரவிட வேண்டும்' என, குறிப்பிட்டிருந்தார்.

நீதிபதிகள், ஆர்.சுதாகர், வி.எம்.வேலுமணி கொண்ட, "பெஞ்ச்' பிறப்பித்த உத்தரவு: "மக்களுக்கு, பேச்சு, கருத்து சுதந்திரம் என்பது, அடிப்படை உரிமை. அதுபோல், தூங்குவதும் அடிப்படை உரிமை தான்' என, சுப்ரீம் கோர்ட் உத்தரவிட்டு உள்ளது. 

ஆடல், பாடல் என்ற பெயரில், இரவில் தூங்கும் மக்களுக்கு, இடையூறு ஏற்படுத்துவதற்கு அனுமதிக்க முடியாது. ஆடல், பாடலுக்கு அனுமதிக்க வேண்டும் என்ற கோரிக்கை நிராகரிக்கப்படுகிறது. மனுதாரர் மீண்டும், அறந்தாங்கி போலீசில் மனு அளிக்க, உரிமை வழங்கப்படுகிறது.

இவ்வாறு, அவர்கள் உத்தரவிட்டு உள்ளனர். 

Courtesy_

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Right to sleep a fundamental right, says Supreme Court

Dhananjay Mahapatra, TNN | Feb 25, 2012, 12.48AM IST

The SC has broadened the ambit of right of life to bring in a citizen's right to sleep peacefully under it.

NEW DELHI: The Supreme Court has broadened the ambit of right of life to bring in a citizen's right to sleep peacefully under it. A citizen has a right to sound sleep because it is fundamental to life, the Supreme Court said on Thursday while ruling that the police action on a sleeping crowd at Baba Ramdev's rally at Ramlila Maidan amounted to violation of their crucial right.

"Sleep is essential for a human being to maintain the delicate balance of health necessary for its very existence and survival. Sleep is, therefore, a fundamental and basic requirement without which the existence of life itself would be in peril," the court said, terming it as a basic human right.

Authorities have taken steps to protect citizens from being disturbed while they are asleep, like placing curbs on the playing of music late at night. But Tuesday's order elevates right to sleep in the hierarchy of rights and may goad the authorities to protect it.

A bench of Justices B S Chauhan and Swatanter Kumar was unanimous that the police erred gravely by clamping prohibitory orders under Section 144 of Criminal Procedure Code on the night of June 4 when the gathering at Ramdev's yoga camp was sleeping peacefully.

Though Justice Kumar wrote the lead judgment, Justice Chauhan elaborated on sleep as a fundamental right crucial to life and put it on the same plane as right to privacy and right to food, consistently held by the Supreme Court as an inviolable right which was part of right to life under Article 21 of the Constitution.

"Right of privacy and the right to sleep have always been treated to be a fundamental right like a right to breathe, to eat, to drink, to blink etc," he said while slamming Delhi Police for using unwarranted force on the sleeping crowd, thereby breaching fundamental right to privacy.

But no citizen could claim sleeping to be his fundamental right. "Undoubtedly, reasonable regulation of time, place and manner of the act of sleeping would not violate any constitutional guarantee, for the reason that a person may not claim that sleeping is his fundamental right, and therefore, he has a right to sleep in the premises of the Supreme Court itself or within the precincts of Parliament," Justice Chauhan said.

He said sleep for a human being was a basic necessity and not a luxury. "If this sleep is disturbed, the mind gets disoriented and it disrupts the health cycle. If this disruption is brought about in odd hours preventing an individual from getting normal sleep, it also causes energy misbalance, indigestion and also affects cardiovascular health," the judge said.

"Sleep, therefore, is a self-rejuvenating element of our life cycle and is, therefore, part and parcel of human life. The disruption of sleep is to deprive a person of a basic priority, resulting in adverse metabolic effects," he said.

"To arouse a person suddenly brings about a feeling of shock and numbness. The pressure of a sudden awakening results in almost a void of sensation. Such an action, therefore, does affect the basic life of an individual," Justice Chauhan said.

Rejecting the justification given by the police that the crowd was planning to disrupt peace, the judge said, "To presume that a person was scheming to disrupt public peace while asleep would be unjust and would be entering into the dreams of that person."

Quoting a US court judgment, Justice Chauhan said, "The citizens/persons have a right to leisure; to sleep; not to hear and to remain silent. The knock at the door, whether by day or by night, as a prelude to a search without authority of law amounts to be police incursion into privacy and violation of fundamental right of a citizen."

He said because of this, many countries have clamped complete night curfews at airports (that is, ban on landing and take-off at late night hours), for the reason that the concept of sound sleep had been associated with sound health which is an inseparable facet of Article 21 (right to life) of the Indian Constitution.

Courtesy_

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