Friday, November 29, 2013

SC: If married man walks out of relation, live-in partner not entitled to relief

If married man walks out of relation, live-in partner not entitled to relief: SC

Dhananjay Mahapatra, TNN | Nov 29, 2013, 02.26 AM IST

NEW DELHI: Check the man's marital status before going in for a live-in partnership was the loud signal from the Supreme Court which ruled that Domestic Violence Act could not be invoked by a woman in a live-in relationship with a married man, especially if she knew his marital status. 

A relationship between a woman and a married man could not be termed a 'relationship in the nature of marriage', the basic requirement for an aggrieved woman in a live-in relationship to take recourse to DV Act for action against her 'erring' partner, the court said. 

After giving this interpretation to live-in relationship between a married man and an unmarried woman, a bench of Justices K S Radhakrishnan and Pinaki Chandra Ghose said if the married man walked out of such a relationship, the woman was not entitled to seek maintenance under DV Act from him. 

On the contrary, it warned, the deserted woman ran a risk of being sued for damages by the man's wife and children for alienating them from the love and care of their husband/father. 

But the bench was aware of the social reality of married men walking out of live-in relationships. Finding that in such situations, poor and illiterate women suffered the most, the apex court appealed to Parliament to take remedial measures through appropriate legislation. 

One Indra Sarma had a live-in relationship with V K V Sarma, already married with two children. The man moved in with her, started a business enterprise with her and after several years, went back to his family. 

After the live-in relationship ended, Indra moved a Bangalore court demanding from him a house, a monthly maintenance of Rs 25,000, reimbursement of her medical bills and Rs 3.50 lakh in damages. 

The trial court found that the two lived together for 18 years. Finding the woman aggrieved, the magistrate directed the man to pay Rs 18,000 per month towards her maintenance under DV Act. The sessions court upheld the trial court decision. 

But the Karnataka High Court set aside the trial court order saying the live-in relationship did not fall within the ambit of "relationship in the nature of marriage", a cardinal principle for one to invoke DV Act. 

Upholding the HC order, Justices Radhakrishnan and Ghose said, "We are of the view that the appellant (Indra Sarma) having been fully aware of the fact that respondent (V K V Sarma) was a married person, could not have entered into a live-in relationship in the nature of marriage. 

"Appellant's and respondent's relationship is, therefore, not a 'relationship in the nature of marriage' because it has no inherent or essential characteristic of a marriage, but a relationship other than 'in the nature of marriage' and the appellant's status is lower than the status of a wife and that relationship would not fall within the definition of 'domestic relationship' under Section 2(f) of the DV Act. Consequently, any act, omission or commission or conduct of the respondent in connection with that type of relationship, would not amount to 'domestic violence' under Section 3 of the DV Act." 

But the bench noticed the deficiency in law to address such relationships in which women, especially poor and illiterate, suffer the most when their partners -already married men - just walk out. The court said it was for Parliament to take remedial legislative steps to plug this loophole in law. 

The bench said, "We have, on facts, found that the appellant's status was that of a mistress, who is in distress, a survivor of a live-in relationship which is of serious concern, especially when such persons are poor and illiterate, in the event of which vulnerability is more pronounced, which is a social reality. Children born out of such relationship also suffer most which calls for bringing in remedial measures by Parliament through proper legislation." 

Despite the concern, the bench decided to go by the law and said, "If any direction is given to the respondent to pay maintenance or monetary consideration to the appellant, that would be at the cost of the legally wedded wife and children of the respondent, especially when they had opposed that relationship and have a cause of action against the appellant (the woman) for alienating the companionship and affection of the husband/parent which an intentional tort."

Courtesy_

Also read FULL Judgment at: http://www.indiankanoon.org/doc/192421140/

Also read the related stories

சுப்ரீம் கோர்ட் பரபரப்பு தீர்ப்பு:திருமண பந்தமின்றி ஆணும் பெண்ணும்இணைந்து வாழ்வது குற்றமோ, பாவமோ அல்ல

பதிவு செய்த நாள்: நவம்பர் 28, 2013, 23:54 IST

புதுடில்லி: திருமணம் செய்து கொள்ளாமல், ஆணும், பெண்ணும் சேர்ந்து வாழ்வது, குற்றமோ, பாவமோ அல்ல' என சுப்ரீம் கோர்ட் தீர்ப்பு வழங்கியுள்ளது. திருமணம் செய்து கொள்ளாமல்,ஆணும், பெண்ணும் சேர்ந்து வாழும் நடைமுறை இந்தியாவில் சமுதாய ரீதியாக அங்கீகரிக்கப்படவில்லை. இந்நிலையில், சுப்ரீம் கோர்ட் முக்கியமான தீர்ப்பை வழங்கியுள்ளது.

இது தொடர்பான வழக்கு, சுப்ரீம் கோர்ட்டில், நீதிபதி, கே.எஸ்.ராதாகிருஷ்ணன் தலைமையிலான பெஞ்ச் முன் விசாரணைக்கு வந்தது. இது தொடர்பாக, நீதிபதி பிறப்பித்த உத்தரவில் கூறியதாவது: திருமணம் பந்தம் இல்லாமல், ஆணும், பெண்ணும் சேர்ந்து வாழும் உறவை,பல நாடுகள் அங்கீகரிதுள்ளன. ஆனால், இந்தியாவில் இது சமுதாய ரீதியாக ஏற்கப்படவில்லை. ஆணும்,பெண்ணும் திருமணம் செய்து கொள்வதும்,திருமணம் செய்து கொள்ளாமல் இருப்பதும், அவர்களது தனிப்பட்ட விருப்பத்தை பொருத்தது.

முறைப்படி திருமணம் செய்து கொள்ளாமல், ஆணும் பெண்ணும் சேர்ந்து வாழ்வது ஒன்றும், குற்ற செயலும் அல்ல; பாவ செயலும் அல்ல. இருப்பினும், இவ்வாறு வாழ்பவர்களில் பாதிக்கப்படும் பெண்கள் அதிகம் உள்ளனர். இவர்களின் பாதுகாப்பு குறித்து கேள்வி எழுகிறது. எனவே, திருமணம பந்தமின்றி சேர்ந்து வாழும் ஆண் பெண் மற்றும் அவர்களுக்கு பிறக்கும் குழந்தைக்கும், பாதுகாப்பு அளிக்கப்பட வேண்டும். இது தொடர்பாக, சட்டம் இயற்றும்படி பார்லிமென்ட்டை கேட்டுக்கொள்கிறோம். இதை சட்டமாக்குவதால், திருமணத்திற்கு முந்தைய உறவுக்கு ஆதரவளிப்பதாக ஆகாது. இவ்வாறு,நீதிபதி தன் உத்தரவில் கூறினார்.

Courtesy_

For detailed Judgment refer the following links

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